Gum Disease Treatment
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(08) 9242 4400
322 Vincent St, Leederville
In more advanced cases, it can cause bone loss and, subsequently, loss of the teeth.
Periodontitis may be associated with heart disease, stroke, systemic infections, and low birth weight in premature babies.
Gum Disease Signs and Symptoms
While most of us want to keep our teeth and gums healthy, your gums can be prone to gum diseases if not cared for properly.
Identifying “red flags” that can result in infected gums is an important way to help prevent further gum disease and all its side effects.
Gum disease can be painless. So, it is important to pay attention to any of the following symptoms:
- Bleeding gums (when brushing or flossing)
- Swollen, red, or tender gums
- Receding gums
- Bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth
- Loosened teeth
- Changes in the teeth alignment
- Changes in the fit of partial dentures
- Visible pus around the teeth and gums
- Sharp or dull pains when chewing
- Teeth that are overly sensitive to extreme temperatures
Stages of Gum Disease
There are three stages of gum disease:
This is the earliest stage of gum disease wherein the gums are inflamed, caused by dental plaque build-up at the gum line. Redness or swelling of the gums may be noticed, or some bleeding during brushing and flossing.
At this early stage, gum disease can still be reversed since the bone, and connective tissues that hold the teeth in place are not yet damaged.
At this stage, the supporting bone and fibres that hold the teeth in place are severely damaged, and this can’t be reversed. The gums begin to form pockets under the gum line, which promotes penetration and growth of plaque below the gum line.
Professional periodontal treatment and improved personal oral hygiene can usually help prevent further damage to the gum tissue and supporting tissue and bone.
In this more advanced stage of gum disease, the fibres and bone of your teeth are damaged, which causes your teeth to shift or loosen inside your mouth. This can affect your bite and how you eat and speak.
If aggressive periodontal treatment can’t save them, teeth may need to be removed by your Leederville dentist. Your dentist will discuss restorative options if your teeth are removed due to periodontal disease.
Gum Disease Treatment
Professional cleaning by your Leederville dentist is the only way to remove plaque that has built up and hardened into tartar.
By scheduling regular check-ups — twice a year — early-stage gum disease can be treated before it leads to a much more serious condition.
In the case of more advanced gum disease, scaling and root planing can be performed to treat infected gums and pockets in the gums.
Your Leederville dentist uses an ultrasonic scaling tool to remove plaque, tartar, and food debris above and below the gum line, and scales the tooth and root surfaces to clean and smoothen them.
Laser treatments can also be used in non-healing gum pockets.
If gum pockets are more than 5 millimetres deep, gingival flap surgery may be performed to reduce periodontal pockets, as well as bone grafting to restore lost bone.
How to Prevent Gum Infection
By daily brushing and flossing, you can significantly reduce your risk of developing gum disease and infected gums, in addition to tooth decay and other oral health problems.
Start a routine and stick to it, and you will benefit from these healthy habits.
- Brush twice a day.
- Floss your teeth or use interdental brush daily.
- Use an anti-gingivitis mouthwash if appropriate.
- Visit your Leederville dentist at least twice a year for professional cleaning.
Gum Disease Treatment at Dentists on Vincent
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